ADDRESS Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU UK
CONTACT e: t: 01865 613200
2020 Mark Howarth. All rights reserved.
Papers and Patents using Spy technology Many of these publications don’t come up from a Pubmed search or citation search, so it should be useful to bring them all together and hyperlinked (now >400 publications). Patents may be omitted if there is a journal paper covering very similar work. Ones with particular relevance to IMMUNOLOGY, MATERIALS (polymers or mechanobiology), IMAGING , SEQUENCING or ENZYMES are marked. For an overview, please see our open-access review “Power to the Protein” from 2020. SpyBank is a database of >700 Tag/Catcher aa sequences to download (Excel file), from publications below. SpyBank includes includes expression organism, Tag/Catcher location (N-terminal, internal, C-terminal) and annotated linkers, as a reference for groups creating their own fusions. SpyBank itself is described in: “Insider information on successful covalent protein coupling with help from SpyBank. Keeble AH, Howarth M. Meth Enz 2019 PDF”. Most recent below. First 300 here. Mosaic RBD nanoparticles elicit neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 and zoonotic coronaviruses Alexander A. Cohen…Pamela J. Bjorkman. bioRxiv Nov 2020 IMMUN Nimotuzumab Site-Specifically Labeled with 89Zr and 225Ac Using SpyTag/SpyCatcher for PET Imaging and Alpha Particle Radioimmunotherapy of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Positive Cancers by Viswas Raja Solomon…Humphrey Fonge. Cancers 2020, 12(11), 3449 IMAGING A nanobody-functionalized organic electrochemical transistor for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 and MERS antigens at the physical limit Keying Guo…Sahika Inal. medRxiv Nov 2020 IMMUN Cryo-EM analysis of human mitochondrial Hsp90 in multiple tetrameric states Yanxin Liu…David A. Agard. bioRxiv Nov 2020 IMAGING Behavior control of membrane-less protein liquid condensates with metal ion-induced phase separation Kibeom Hong, Daesun Song & Yongwon Jung. Nature Communications 11: 5554 (2020) MATERIALS Ni-modified magnetic nanoparticles for affinity purification of His-tagged proteins from the complex matrix of the silkworm fat body Robert Minkner…Enoch Y. Park. Journal of Nanobiotechnology volume 18, Article number: 159 (2020) 400 Rapid development of SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain-conjugated nanoparticle vaccine candidate Yin-Feng Kang…Mu-Sheng Zeng. bioRxiv Nov 2020 IMMUN A DNA-nanoassembly-based approach to map membrane protein nanoenvironments Elena Ambrosetti…Ana I. Teixeira. Nature Nanotechnology (2020) MATERIALS SEQUENCING Dual-Functionalizable Streptavidin–SpyCatcher-Fused Protein–Polymer Hydrogels as Scaffolds for Cell Culture Kosuke Minamihata…Noriho Kamiya. ACS Appl. Bio Mater. 2020 MATERIALS IN VIVO IMMOBILIZATION OF PROTEINS WO/2020/216322 Publication Date 29.10.2020 Inventors CHAN, Michael et al. MATERIALS ENZ AAV VECTORS ENCODING MINI-PCDH15 AND USES THEREOF WO/2020/219990 Publication Date 29.10.202 Inventors COREY, David, P. et al. Directed co-evolution of interacting protein–peptide pairs by compartmentalized two-hybrid replication (C2HR) Jia Wei Siau…Farid J Ghadessy. Nucleic Acids Research, 26 October 2020 A platform incorporating trimeric antigens into self-assembling nanoparticles reveals SARS-CoV-2-spike nanoparticles to elicit substantially higher neutralizing responses than spike alone. Baoshan Zhang…Peter D. Kwong. Scientific Reports 10, 18149 Oct 2020 IMMUN Chemically Orthogonal Protein Ligation Domains for Independent Control of Hydrogel Modification with Adhesive Ligands and Growth Factors Joshua A. Hammer and Jennifer L. West. Bioconjugate Chem. Oct 2020 MATERIALS The Spy that links: Creation of nonlinear protein architectures and materials using SpyTag/SpyCatcher chemistry Ri Wang, Fei Sun. Methods in Enzymology Oct 2020 MATERIALS Structural stability of SARS-CoV-2 degrades with temperature A. Sharma…M.D.Vershinin. bioRxiv Oct 2020 IMMUN Covalent protein display on Hepatitis B core-like particles in plants through the in vivo use of the SpyTag/SpyCatcher system Hadrien Peyret…George P. Lomonossoff. Scientific Reports volume 10, Article number: 17095 (2020) IMMUN Exploring metal availability in the natural niche of Streptococcus pneumoniae to discover potential vaccine antigens Lucille F. van Beek …Marien I. de Jonge. Virulence 2020 IMMUN Injectable, photoresponsive hydrogels for delivering neuroprotective proteins enabled by metal-directed protein assembly Bojing Jiang…Fei Sun. Sci Adv Oct 2020 MATERIALS MULTIVALENT MALARIA TRANSMISSION-BLOCKING VACCINES WO/2020/201191 Publication Date 08.10.2020 STATENS SERUM INSTITUT [DK]/[DK] KØBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET [DK]/[DK] IMMUN Conditional Protein Rescue by Binding-Induced Protective Shielding Andrew S. Gaynor and Wilfred Chen. ACS Synth. Biol. October 7, 2020 Exploring metal availability in the natural niche of Streptococcus pneumoniae to discover potential vaccine antigens Lucille F. van Beek…Marien I. de Jonge. Virulence Oct 2020 IMMUN TARGETED ACTIVE GENE EDITING AGENT AND METHODS OF USE WO/2020/198151 Publication Date 01.10.2020 SPOTLIGHT THERAPEUTICS [US]/[US] ENZ Synthetic Multienzyme Complexes Assembled on Virus-like Particles for Cascade Biosynthesis In Cellulo Qixin Wei, Sicong He, Jianan Qu, and Jiang Xia. Bioconjugate Chem. Oct 2020 ENZ MATERIALS ANTIGEN BINDING FRAGMENTS CONJUGATED TO A PLURALITY OF FC ISOTYPES AND SUBCLASSES Patent WO/2020/188356 24.09.2020 BIO-RAD ABD SEROTEC GMBH [DE]/[DE] IMMUN PROTECTION OF SPYTAG-CONTAINING PERIPLASMIC FUSION PROTEINS FROM PROTEASE TSP AND OMPT DEGRADATION Patent WO/2020/188350 24.09.2020 BIO-RAD ABD SEROTEC GMBH [DE]/[DE] IMMUN ANTIGEN BINDING PROTEINS Patent WO/2020/188346 Publication Date 24.09.2020 BIO-RAD ABD SEROTEC GMBH [DE]/[DE] IMMUN Design of Biologically Active Binary Protein 2D Materials Ariel J Ben-Sasson…David Baker. bioRxiv Sept 2020 MATERIALS Periplasmic Expression of SpyTagged Antibody Fragments Enables Rapid Modular Antibody Assembly Christian Hentrich…Francisco Ylera. bioRxiv Sept 2020 IMMUN IMAGING Site-Specific Linking of an Oligonucleotide to Mono- and Bivalent Recombinant Antibodies with SpyCatcher-SpyTag System for Immuno-PCR Anastasiia Kushnarova-Vakal*, Antti Äärelä, Tuomas Huovinen, Pasi Virta, and Urpo Lamminmäki. ACS Omega 2020, September 19, 2020 IMMUN Self-assembling nanoparticles presenting receptor binding domain and stabilized spike as next-generation COVID-19 vaccines Linling He…Ian A. Wilson, Jiang Zhu. bioRxiv Sept 2020 IMMUN 375 Modular Hepatitis B Virus-Like Particle Platform for Biosensing and Drug Delivery Emily J Hartzell, Rachel M Lieser, Millicent O. Sullivan, and Wilfred Chen. ACS Nano Sept 2020 Modulating mechanical stability of heterodimerization between engineered orthogonal helical domains Miao Yu… Jie Yan. Nature Communications volume 11, Article number: 4476 (2020) MATERIALS General and robust covalently linked graphene oxide affinity grids for high-resolution cryo-EM Feng Wang…David A. Agard. PNAS September 10, 2020 MATERIALS IMAGING Multivalent Interaction-Driven Assembly of Discrete, Flexible, and Asymmetric Supramolecular Protein Nano-Prisms Suyeong Han…Yongwon Jung. Ang. Chemie Aug 2020 MATERIALS Overcoming Symmetry Mismatch in Vaccine Nanoassembly via Spontaneous Amidation Rolle Rahikainen, Pramila Rijal, Tiong Kit Tan, Hung-Jen Wu , Anne-Marie C. Andersson, Jordan R. Barrett, Thomas A. Bowden, Simon J. Draper, Alain R. Townsend, Mark Howarth. Angewandte Chemie Sept 2020 IMMUN Serological screening of influenza A virus antibodies in cats and dogs indicates frequent infection with different subtypes Shan Zhao…Herman Egberink. J Clin Microbiol Sept 2020 IMMUN Engineering high-yield biopolymer secretion creates an extracellular protein matrix for living materials Marimikel Charrier…Caroline M. Ajo-Franklin. bioRxiv Sept 2020 MATERIALS Tagging and catching: rapid isolation and efficient labeling of organelles using the covalent Spy-System in planta Martina Lang, Marlene Pröschel, Nico Brüggen & Uwe Sonnewald. Plant Methods volume 16, Article number: 122 (2020) A COVID-19 vaccine candidate using SpyCatcher multimerization of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor-binding domain induces potent neutralising antibody responses Tiong Kit Tan, Pramila Rijal…Mark Howarth, Alain Townsend. bioRxiv 2020 IMMUN Plasmablast-derived antibody response to acute SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans Kuan-Ying A. Huang…Alain R. Townsend. bioRxiv 2020.08.28.267526 IMMUN The immunodominant and neutralization linear epitopes for SARS-CoV-2 Shuai Lu…Rui-tian Liu. bioRxiv Aug 2020 IMMUN Structural and functional analysis of LIM domain-dependent recruitment of paxillin to focal adhesions Marta Ripamonti, Nicolas Liaudet, Bernhard Wehrle-Haller. Research Square preprint Aug 2020 MATERIALS A Platform Incorporating Trimeric Antigens into Self-Assembling Nanoparticles Reveals SARS-CoV-2-Spike Nanoparticles to Elicit Substantially Higher Neutralizing Responses than Spike Alone Baoshan Zhang…Peter D. Kwong. bioRxiv Aug 2020 IMMUN DECORATED INCLUSION BODY AND USES THEREOF WO/2020/165425 Publication Date 20.08.2020 ABERA BIOSCIENCE AB ENZ IMMUN MATERIALS A modular approach for dCas9-mediated enzyme cascading via orthogonal bioconjugation Emily A Berckman and Wilfred Chen. Chem Comm Aug 2020 ENZ Dodecin as carrier protein for immunizations and bioengineering applications Florian Bourdeaux…Martin Grininger. Scientific Reports volume 10, Article number: 13297 (2020) IMMUN The Design of Vaccines Based on the Shielding of Antigenic Site Ø of a Respiratory Syncytial Virus Fusion Protein Immunogen Steven J. Frey…Ravi S. Kane. Adv Health Mater 05 August 2020 IMMUN Detecting protein and post-translational modifications in single cells with iDentification and qUantification sEparaTion (DUET) Yandong Zhang…Long Cai. Communications Biology volume 3, Article number: 420 (2020) Use of Specific Covalent Bonding for Oriented Immobilization of Recombinant Antibody Fragments US patent Publication Date 30.07.2020 Inventors George P. Anderson, Jinny Lin Liu, Ellen R. Goldman IMMUN Cellular Synthesis and X-ray Crystal Structure of a Designed Protein Heterocatenane Yajie Liu…Wen-Bin Zhang. Ang Chemie Jul 2020 MATERIALS Calcium-Responsive Hydrogels Enabled by Inducible Protein-Protein Interactions Jiren Luo and Fei Sun. Polymer Chemistry Jul 2020 MATERIALS A Vaccine Displaying a Trimeric Influenza-A HA Stem Protein on Capsid-Like Particles Elicits Potent and Long-Lasting Protection in Mice Susan Thrane…Adam F. Sander. Vaccines July 2020 IMMUN GLYCO-ENGINEERED IMMUNIZATION ANTIGENS Patent WO/2020/144358 16.07.2020 EXPRES2ION BIOTECHNOLOGIES APS [DK] IMMUN Influence of Fluorination on Single-Molecule Unfolding and Rupture Pathways of a Mechanostable Protein Adhesion Complex Byeongseon Yang…Michael A. Nash. bioRxiv July 2020 MATERIALS Power to the Protein: Enhancing and Combining Activities using the Spy Toolbox Anthony H. Keeble and Mark Howarth. Chemical Science July 2020 11, 7281 - 7291 IMMUN ENZ MATERIALS IMAGING 350 In vivo Characterization of Plasmodium berghei P47 (Pbs47) as a Malaria Transmission-Blocking Vaccine Target Lampouguin Yenkoidiok-Douti…Carolina Barillas-Mury. Front. Microbiol., 03 July 2020 IMMUN Lasso Proteins: Modular Design, Cellular Synthesis and Topological Transformation Yajie Liu…Wenbin Zhang. Ang Chemie 30 June 2020 Post-translational knockdown and post-secretional modification of EsxA unambiguously determine the role of EsxA membrane permeabilizing activity in mycobacterial virulence. Yanqing Bao…Jianjun Sun. bioRxiv June 2020 Multi-Enzyme Assembly on T4 Phage Scaffold Jinny L. Liu…Ellen R. Goldman. Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol., 24 June 2020 ENZ Spy chemistry-enabled protein directional immobilization and protein purification Zhanglin Lin…Yanrui Ye. Biotech & Bioeng June 2020 Conditional Protein Rescue (CPR) by Binding-Induced Protective Shielding Andrew Scott Gaynor, Wilfred Chen. bioRxiv June 2020 Co-immobilization of multiple enzymes by self-assembly and chemical crosslinking for cofactor regeneration and robust biocatalysis Fei Peng…Wen-Yong Lou. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 18 June 2020 ENZ A Versatile Platform to Incorporate Viral Trimeric Antigens into Self-Assembling Nanoparticle Immunogens Baoshan Zhang…Peter D. Kwong. bioRxiv 12 June 2020 IMMUN Selective and Effective Cancer Treatments using Target-Switchable Intracellular Bacterial Toxin Delivery Systems Seong Guk Park…Sebyung Kang. Advanced Therapeutics 08 June 2020 IMMUN Structural asymmetry does not indicate hemiphosphorylation in the bacterial histidine kinase CpxA Sophie Bouillet1, Ti Wu, Shaoxing Chen, Ann M. Stock and Rong Gao. J Biol Chem June 2020. ENZ COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR THE CYTOPLASMIC DELIVERY OF ANTIBODIES AND OTHER PROTEINS US patent WO/2020/102609 Publication Date 22.05.2020 Inventors TSOURKAS, Andrew IMMUN Particulate multivalent presentation of the receptor binding domain induces protective immune responses against MERS-CoV Nisreen M. A. Okba…Bart L. Haagmans. Emerging Microbes & Infections 2020 May IMMUN NMR Spectroscopic Studies Reveal the Critical Role of Isopeptide Bond in Forming the Otherwise Unstable SpyTag-SpyCatcher Mutant Complexes Nan Zhang, …Wen-Bin Zhang. Biochemistry 2020 May Basis of Specificity for a Conserved and Promiscuous Chromatin Remodeling Protein Drake A Donovan…Jeffrey N McKnight. bioRxiv May 2020 ENZ HRP-conjugated plug-and-playable IgG-binding nanobodies as secondary antibody mimics in immunoassays Yoonji Bae …Sebyung Kang. Sensors & Actuators 24 May 2020 ENZ The relationship between effective molarity and affinity governs rate enhancements in tethered kinase-substrate reactions Elizabeth B Speltz, and Jesse G. Zalatan. Biochemistry, 20 May 2020 ENZ Conformable self-assembling amyloid protein coatings with genetically programmable functionality Yingfeng Li…Chao Zhong. Science Advances 20 May 2020:Vol. 6, no. 21, eaba1425 MATERIALS A novel rapid modularized hepatitis B Core virus-like particle-based platform for personalized Cancer vaccine preparation via fixed- point coupling Mei Ji…Rui-tian Liu. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine. 16 May 2020, 102223 IMMUN Combining Protein Ligation Systems to Expand the Functionality of Semi-Synthetic Outer Membrane Vesicle Nanoparticles H. Bart van den Berg van Saparoea…Wouter S. P. Jong. Frontiers Microbiol 12 May 2020 IMMUN Split & mix assembly of DNA libraries for ultrahigh throughput on-bead screening of functional proteins Laurens Lindenburg…Florian Hollfelder. Nucleic Acids Research, 08 May 2020 Column-free purification and coating of SpyCatcher protein on ELISA wells generates universal solid support for capturing of SpyTag- fusion protein from the non-purified condition Mohammad Rahmati-Yamchi…David Wood. Protein Expression and Purification, 29 April 2020, 105650 Structural Determination of a Filamentous Chaperone to Fabricate Electronically Conductive Metalloprotein Nanowires Yun X…Dominic J. Glover. ACS Nano, 29 Apr 2020 MATERIALS Native conjugation between proteins and [60]fullerene derivatives using SpyTag as a reactive handle Guangzhong Yin…Wen-Bin Zhang. Chinese Chemical Letters 26 April 2020 MATERIALS Enzymatic degradation of algal 1,3-xylan: from synergism of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases with β-1,3-xylanases to their intelligent immobilization on biomimetic silica nanoparticles Lixi Cai…Guangya Zhang. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology (Apr 2020) ENZ MATERIALS Multimeric single-domain antibody complexes protect against bunyavirus infections Paul J Wichgers Schreur …Andrea Aebischer. eLife Apr 21, 2020 IMMUN 325 Pat1 increases the range of decay factors and RNA bound by the Lsm1-7 complex Joseph H Lobel, John D Gross. bioRxiv Apr 10 2020 IMAGING A self-adjuvanted, modular, antigenic VLP for rapid response to Influenza virus variability Jhanvi Sharma…Trevor Douglas. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, April 1 IMMUN Implementing Optogenetic Modulation in Mechanotransduction Miao Yu…Jie Yan. Phys. Rev. X 10, 021001 – Published 1 April 2020 MATERIALS Immunization with virus-like particles conjugated to CIDRα1 domain of Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 induces inhibitory antibodies. Charlotte Harmsen…Thomas Lavstsen. Malaria J 19, 132 (2020) IMMUN Split chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells targeting glypican-3 suppress hepatocellular carcinoma growth with reduced cytokine release Xuan Liu…Xiaotao Jiang. Ther Adv Med Oncol. 2020 Mar 9. IMMUN Multiplex single-molecule kinetics of nanopore-coupled polymerases Mirkό Palla…George M. Church. bioRxiv 2020 Mar SEQUENCING HIGH-THROUGHPUT IDENTIFICATON OF INTERMOLECULAR INTERACTIONS Patent WO/2020/061262 Publication Date 26.03.2020 GUTTMAN, Mitchell; US et al. IMMUN HIV-1 ENV FUSION PEPTIDE NANOPARTICLE CARRIER CONJUGATES AND THEIR USE Patent Publication Number WO/2020/061564 Publication Date 26.03.2020, NIH; TSYBOVSKY, Yaroslav et al. IMMUN Engineering and functionalization of large circular tandem repeat protein nanoparticles Colin E. Correnti…Barry L. Stoddard & Philip Bradley. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology (2020) Mar IMMUN CRISPR/Cas-directed programmable assembly of multi-enzyme complexes Samuel Lim, Jiwoo Kim, Yujin Kim, Dawei Xu and Douglas S. Clark. Chem Comm Mar 2020 ENZ Dodecin as carrier protein for immunizations and bioengineering applications Florian Bourdeaux…Martin Grininger. bioRxiv Mar 2020 IMMUN Quantitative Control of Gene-Engineered T cell Activity Through Covalent Attachment of Targeting Ligands to a Universal Immune Receptor Nicholas G. Minutolo…Andrew Tsourkas, Daniel J. Powell. J. Am. Chem. Soc. March 19, 2020 IMMUN Surface Display of Complex Enzymes by In Situ SpyCatcher-SpyTag Interaction Sabrina Gallus…Kersten S. Rabe. ChemBioChem17 March 2020 ENZ The relationship between effective molarity and affinity governs rate enhancements in tethered kinase- substrate reactions Elizabeth B Speltz, Jesse G Zalatan. bioRxiv Mar 2020 ENZ Structural asymmetry does not indicate hemi-phosphorylation in the bacterial histidine kinase CpxA Sophie Bouillet1, Ti Wu1, Shaoxing Chen1, Ann M. Stock2 and Rong Gao3*. J Biol Chem, Feb 24 2020 ENZ Adjustable Bioorthogonal Conjugation Platform for Protein Studies in Live Cells based on Artificial Compartments Süreyya E. Geissinger…Stefan M. Schiller. ACS Synth. Biol. 2020, March 4, 2020 METHOD FOR PREPARING L-THREO/ERYTHRO-P-METHYLSULFONYLPHENYL SERINE AND ENZYME FOR METHOD WO/2020/043077 Publication Date 05.03.2020 LUO, Hui et al. ENZ Binding Induced Stabilization Measured on the Same Molecular Protein Substrate using Single Molecule Magnetic Tweezers and Hetero-Covalent Attachments Narayan Dahal…Ionel Popa. J. Phys. Chem. B February 25, 2020 MATERIALS One-pot synthesis of heterodimeric agonists that activate the canonical Wnt signaling pathway Abhirup Mukherjee…Ravi S. Kane. Chem Commun, Mar 2020 IMMUN Dual-targeting nanoparticle vaccine elicits a therapeutic antibody response against chronic hepatitis B Wenjun Wang…Mingzhao Zhu. Nature Nanotechnology 2 Mar 2020 IMMUN GRAPHENE OXIDE AFFINITY SAMPLE GRIDS FOR CRYO-EM WO/2020/041202 Publication Date 27.02.2020 WANG, Feng et al. IMAGING HEAT-STABLE ENTEROTOXINS MUTANTS AS ANTIDIARRHEAL VACCINE ANTIGENS Patent WO/2020/039387 Publication Date 27.02.2020. PUNTERVOLL, Pål et al. IMMUN LIQUID-LIQUID PHASE SEPARATION DRIVEN PROTEIN-BASED UNDERWATER ADHESIVE COATINGS Patent WO/2020/038246 Publication Date 27.02.2020 ZHONG, Chao; CN; CUI, Mengkui; CN MATERIALS SpyTag/SpyCatcher cyclization and covalent immobilization in enhancing cephalosporin C acylase stability Yue Wang… Zhongyao Shen. Process Biochemistry 24 February 2020 ENZ Construction, characterization, and immunization of nanoparticles that display a diverse array of influenza HA trimers Alexander A. Cohen…Pamela J. Bjorkman. bioRxiv Jan 2020 IMMUN First 300 publications here.
It's the oldest question of all, George.  Who can spy on the spies?  ― John le Carré